! written by Sam SAde jan. 25, 2003 --->
What is the Shape of the Universe?
What is the Shape of the Greater Universe? What is the Greater Universe?
The Greater Universe
If the word Mini Universe is defined as everything that physically exists, the model proposed here must be defined as closed system in which everything we perceive to the entirety of space, all forms of matter, and the physical laws that govern them. However, the physical reality points out that we can observe physical expansion in our Mini Universe. If we consider the fundamental mechanics of expansion, we than may question what drives this observable Mini universe into a larger extension or the Greater Universe.
The term expansion of a Mini universe is a determinant that must be interpreted as the decaying process of a configuration.
The belief that the universe can expand as an "Infinite Expansions Theory" is simply based on a false premise. The infinite theory of expansions reveals a model whereby the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics would at some point be faced with zero thermal space values. Theoretically it could equilibrate and eventually assume a zero temperature or the units would be dispersed beyond the point whereby they could reverse and coalesce.This is totally inconsistent with the 1st Law of Thermodynaimcs that expansion can bring about heat death when the property of matter is heat. It is highly probable that “Nature” will NOT manifest conditions for its own destruction.
Shape of a Mini Universe
The shape of the Mini universe can only be inferred from observation and theory. It is logical to assume that our Mini Universe is a 3 dimensional egg like entity and we somewhere inside. The consensus of the astronomical community is that our Mini universe's current radius is 14+ billion light years Omni-directional. Gaze out in any direction of the sky, and you get very similar microwave temperature readings. To extrapolate a theory from these constant thermal readings may imply curvature and apparently a need for a periphery; suggesting that our Mini universe structure is finite and an open system.
The density of a substance is defined as its mass divided by its volume. Since density is the result of the mass of the substance and how much space it occupies; ergo, mass is a fundamental property of a space. I believe that fundamental properties permeate space all - inclusive, as inferred by convincing logical evidence.
We postulate that in our present state of understanding of baryon matter, e.g. stars, galaxies are much denser than the regions to what we refer to as voids or empty space. This concept is based on a false premise. I propose this hypothesis to be logical that the density of the entire space is the SAME: however quantum units carry varied thermal “intrinsic” values that cannot be altered; creating space as a state of perpetual disorder. This we can witness pretty much by looking in any direction of our universe and we will observe our universe as inhomogeneous and anisotropic. If logic would have it different the present environment would not have evolved as stated by the 2nd L o T; ergo I have reached this opinion that space = mass = omega 1.
Some of the hypotheses that fell from favor, however with new discrete particle theories, are creeping back into modern thought, giving rise to the notion as a quantum unit theory (quantum heat units).When we express the term fluid space, we should envision a volume, permeated by various mass structures. These spatial constituents and non binding primordial elements form this non binding fluid = mass = space.
Contemporary discrete particle theories are affording new insights into the nature of motion through space and particle interconnections of our Mini Universe.The first thing that strikes our imagination as we observe the creations around us, is the amazing variety of forms.
We can only observe what we can see, how stars on the outskirts of a galaxy move. How outlying stars speeds appear to be constant and if this hypothesis is correct we may postulate dark matter particles form a thermal transference medium in our Mini universe. Dark matter is a generic term for these fundamental particles * not directly observable, although their presence is inferred by the motions of galaxies, their exact form may be controversial but they do seem to be able to emit light. Dark Matter particles transmit Alpha units from the source, as the higher thermal valued matter expels these units they are transferred from one adjacent dark matter particle to the next adjacent DM particle contiguously and omni directional.
We must embrace the fact that in reality or in logic, we are part of the inseparable sea of contactual particles in our Mini Universe. History has habituated us to perceive creation as varying extensions and not as an ancestral history of tiny particles, when combined form larger bodies, in continuum.
The universe is a bewildering variety of mass structures, cluster galaxies, galaxies, stars, man, particles, all embedded and permeated in non - homogeneous and isotropic (DM and Alpha) plasmas
DM plasma is a critical uniform mass with the capability of heat movement control, the cause and effect of expansion and contractile phenomenon.
How Was the Universe Created?
I too adhere to the Many Bang Theory (MBT). Such events as collisions, explosions of concentrated matter occur in different regions of the Greater Universe on varying scales continuously.
Even though big bangs are a cyclic phenomenon they can not be compared to collisions or explosions. Critical Mass Cores (Black holes) construct conditions that integrate only Quantum Beta and Gamma units and form regions of space of concentrated mass, as a result of the weight intensity and external dark matter pressure object cannot escape. These conditions influence sectors of a Mini Universe by drawing in millions of galaxies, constituents of a Greater.
The big bang theory what some astrophysicists call a singularity, which was about the size of grape or dime, this super critical mass, creates even more uneasy questions. Still leaving us with the original question, where did this dime come from?
One of the most persistently asked questions is. How was the Universe created? Many once believed that the Universe had no beginning or end and was truly infinite. Through science the Mini Universe was forced to take on the properties of a finite phenomenon, possessing a history, but the beginning and end of the Greater Universe simply is; it always WAS and always will remain because in is a closed system. It simply has nowhere to go.
However, we have come a long way from the mystical beginnings of cosmological studies as to the origins of the universe. Through the understandings of modern science we have been able to provide firm theories for some of the answers we once called hypothesizes. True to the nature of science, many of these answers have only led us to more intriguing and more complex questions.
A Mini Universe began as a sequence of consequences, as quantum heat units Alpha, Beta and Gamma bobble in a plasma sea. A chance encounter, ships in the dark.
It may have taken trillions of years* to produce fundamental particles and configure a new element that precipitates aspirations to propagate.
The first baryon particle is formed and a Mini Universe, bit by bit is naturally evolving.
I would venture the birth of the first Min Universe was not a vast array of thermal grandeur but rather a sequence of consequence bland and weak. Trillions of years* again may have passed before the first big bang erupted. Quantum units near absolute zero value, coalesce to form fundamental particles and only by reducing their thermal value will uncouple these newly formed particles.
A fundamental particle once created, becomes almost indestructible.
If matter can not be created from "nothing", I venture to posit the Greater Universe always was.
Shape of the Universe
To view the greater universe in perspective if we could, would reveal a black 3 dimensional shapeless marble like image with thermal bearing matter as silvery faint non - homogenous veins throughout.
After a big bang many fragments, now high thermal clouds maybe adrift within a Mini universe. When a Critical Mass Core (Black Hole) erupts it disperses fragments and when these fragments have achieved super inflation the speed of each heat mass will be greatly reduced and eventually surrenders all velocity. Matter accreted by the black hole originally may not be fully expanded and has as yet to refill the original volume. Hence leaving (empty space) Alpha pockets within the local universe. Dark matter and galaxies at lesser thermal values will eventually fill and be embedded by these (voids) Alpha units.
The thermal interaction in younger galaxies will have higher entropy expansion rates. These expansions and contractions are common functions in as Mini Universal functions and if viewed from a distance, these activities may present an impression of the Greater Universe as a throbbing mass.
My question is where would one stand?
How is a Bubble Created in the Cosmos?
The Greater Universe is constructed with countless bubbles, each bubble a small universe (a sector) containing billions of solar formations each with Alpha and dark matter as a base.
Initially and during a big bang explosion, Beta units are continuously being released and instantaneously coalesce with the Alpha content to form dark matter plasma*. When critical mass is breached the fragments explode and unleash super high temperatures or super inflation. Throughout this process a three dimensional lattice is forming embedded in Alpha plasma. (a dark matter transit net work throughout the Mini universe). This DM and Alpha base binds planets, stars, galaxies and clusters of galaxies, and on a lesser scale, not less important to us, our composition (human).
Can More Than One Greater Universe Be Possible?
The answer must be no?
The mechanics of a Critical Mass Core (black hole) eruption of an existing sector casts fragments every which way, those cast outward will act as a possible precursor for the propagation process with omni-directional disturbances in the Alpha plasma. This may enhance chance encounters of various quantum values. These are the mechanics to propagate more dark more baryon matter, otherwise a protracted time frame is required.
Our sector could be a result of a similar occurrence.
How Old is the Universe?
Some scientists believe this present universe is 10 to 20 billion years young. I believe at least this sector of the cosmos may be 10 to 20 B.Y*. and may still be forming.
The Greater Universe always WAS and always will BE. The Mini universe may comprise of areas that are still (voids) Alpha pockets, this can only mean that dark matter and is back filling and expansion suggests that baryon matter is decaying.
Fmp = = The term "fundamental particle" is used here to avoid having to invent new terminology.
Alpha = = quantum heat units.
Time* = = something we perceive through our senses.
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created by Sam Sade
created: June 10, 2003 : last modified: August 2, 2009